BetterEarth

Glossery A To Z

A

Agate

A semiprecious gemstone, agate is a variety of quartz and usually features bands of color that vary from tan to red or brown to green. It has a hardness of 6.5 to 7 on the Mohs Hardness Scale, which makes it suitable for both jewelry and decorative objects.

Aggregate

A gem material that's composed of small crystals or particles. Chalcedony, jade, lapis lazuli, malachite, and turquoise are aggregates.

Akoya Pearls

Saltwater cultured pearls that are harvested from Akoya mollusks in the ocean off the coasts of Japan and China.

Alexandrite

Discovered in Russia in 1830 and named for Czar Alexander II, this mineral has the unique ability to cast two different colors – green in sunlight and red in artificial light.

Alloy

A mixture of two or more metals created to enhance the strength and/or appearance of a particular metal.

Alternative Metals

Metals used in jewelry that are slightly less rare than platinum and gold. Examples are: palladium, titanium, stainless steel, tungsten, and cobalt.

Amethyst

A purple form of quartz. Amethyst is the birthstone for February and the traditional gift for the 6th and 17th wedding anniversaries.

Analog

A type of watch display featuring a dial and hands, rather than a digital numeric display.

Ankle Bracelet/Anklet

A bracelet style worn around the ankle. Anklets include simple chain styles, to highly embellished selections that are decorated with diamonds, gemstones and charms.

Anniversary Band

An anniversary band is a ring (often with diamonds) that represents the renewal of your marriage or partnership commitment. This type of ring can be used to complement a wedding ring, and is usually given as a gift to mark an anniversary.

Anniversary Rings

An anniversary ring is often designed with diamonds and represents a renewal of your marriage or partnership commitment. This type of ring includes many styles including eternity bands and three-stone designs that can be worn alone.

Anodized

A chemical or electrolytic coating added to protect certain metals.

Antique finish

Used in sterling silver, the oxidation process enhances the details in the design. Oxidized pieces require special care to maintain contrast.

Aquamarine

An icy blue‐green mineral from the beryl family. Aquamarine is the traditional birthstone for March and the classic gemstone choice for the 19th wedding anniversary.

Asscher‐Cut

Asscher‐cut diamonds and gemstones feature square cut with deeply cropped corners. The stones are cut with a series of parallel steps, creating an effect much like a house of mirrors.

Atomic Timekeeping

A watch with Atomic Timekeeping automatically synchronizes to the National Institute of Standards and Technology Radio Station at least once per day.

Automatic Chronograph Movement

An automatic movement system used in watches capable of measuring extremely brief intervals of time accurately.

B

Baguette

A baguette‐cut diamond or gemstone is one cut into a small rectangular or tapered shape with a stepped edges. Baguette‐cut diamonds and gemstones are generally used as accents to larger stones.

Bangle/Bangle Bracelet

A rigid bracelet that is either solid or hinged, designed to slip easily over the hand and around the wrist.

Baroque Pearl

Baroque pearls are pearls with an irregular non‐spherical silhouette, ranging from minor aberrations to distinctly ovoid, curved, pinch, or lumpy shapes.

Barrel Clasp

Two metal findings on either end of a necklace or bracelet that generally screw together, forming a clasp that looks like a barrel.

Bead Chain

Any metal chain that looks like a series of small, conjoined beads, rather than open links. The beads may be solid, or hollow to reduce weight.

Bead Setting

Bead setting is a generic term for setting a diamond or gemstone directly into metal using gravers, which are essentially tiny chisels. A hole is drilled directly into the metal surface, and then a ball burr is used to make a concave depression just the size of the stone.

Beryl

Beryl is a mineral species that produces aquamarine and emerald.

Beveled edge

A flat edge set at 45 degrees to the top surface of an item.

Bezel (Watch)

A bezel is the metal ring that frames the dial of a watch. Oftentimes, the bezel displays minute increments and can be rotated in one or both directions. Divers use this function to measure elapsed time.

Bezel Setting

Bezel settings use a type of elevated collar which wraps the rim of a diamond or gemstone with a complete metal edge. This type of setting is the most secure. The bezel setting also protects the diamond or gemstone better than other types of settings. Metal is wrapped around the girdle of the stone, making only its crown and table visible. This setting is admired for its protection, security and ability to minimize inclusions.

Birthstone

A birthstone is a precious or semiprecious stone traditionally associated with a particular month or sign of the zodiac and believed to attract good fortune.

Black Diamonds

There are natural black diamonds and enhanced black diamonds, which are more affordable. Zales uses enhanced black diamonds that are treated to permanently create the intense black color.

Black Onyx

Onyx is a variety of the microcrystalline quartz, called chalcedony. Traditionally found in black, onyx is also available in a variety of colors.

Blemish

Blemishes are slight imperfections found on the external surface of a diamond.

Blue Diamonds

Natural blue diamonds are extremely rare. Zales enhanced blue diamonds are treated to permanently create their intense blue color.

Blue Sapphire

The most popular shade of corundum. Sapphires are also available in many other colors including purple, pink, orange, yellow and white. Blue sapphire is the traditional birthstone for September.

Blue Topaz

Available in many colors, blue topaz is the most popular. Blue topaz is the traditional birthstone for those born in December.

Blueberry Diamonds ™

Blueberry Diamonds™ are the trademarked name for the blue diamonds used in Le Vian® jewelry. These blue diamonds are treated to permanently create the intense blue color.

Blueberry Sapphire™

Blueberry Sapphire™ is the trademarked name for the blue sapphires used in Le Vian® jewelry.

Bolo Bracelet

A bolo bracelet features an adjustable chain or cord in which the two loose ends tighten in place with a sliding clasp.

Bolo Clasp

A bolo clasp usually features an ornamental design and adjusts to secure a cord or chain by tightening.

Box Chain

A box chain is made up of small square links that are connected to create a smooth chain.

Box Clasp

A box clasp features a piece of folded metal on one end of a chain that fits into the opening of a box on the opposite end, securely fastening both ends together.

Bracelet

A bracelet is an ornamental band or circlet for the wrist or arm. A bracelet can be crafted of any material including sterling silver and gold, and are available in a variety of styles ranging from ornate to simple.

Bridal Set

A bridal set is a coordinated ensemble that includes an engagement ring and a wedding band.

Bright Polish

A bright polish is a jewelry metal finish that's smooth, shiny and mirror‐like.

Brightness

Brightness, or brilliance, is the effect of a gemstone's internal and external reflections of light.

Brilliance

Brilliance, or brightness, is light that is reflected from the diamond to the eye, or the amount of sparkle for a particular diamond.

Brilliant‐Cut

A brilliant‐cut diamond or gemstone is cut in a particular form with numerous facets to have exceptional brilliance. The shape resembles that of a cone and provides maximized light return through the top of the stone. Brilliant‐cut diamonds and gemstones include round, oval, teardrop, pear, princess, radiant, triangle, heart and marquise‐shaped diamonds.

Briolette

A briolette is an elongated pear‐shaped gemstone cut with facets, and it is often drilled to hang as a bead. It was popular during the Victorian times.

Bronze

Bronze is a yellowish‐brown alloy of copper and iron with up to one‐third tin.

Brooch

A brooch is an ornamental pin fastened to clothing with a hinged pin and catch.

Brushed Finish

A brushed finish features tiny grooves in the surface of the metal that add texture. This effect slightly reduces the reflection of the metal and creates a wispy, feathery look.

Buckle Clasp

Similar to a belt buckle, this adjustable clasp is the most popular for leather or fabric watchbands.

Bulova

Founded in 1875, Bulova is an innovative luxury watchmaker that crafts designs of superior quality for both men and women.

Button Earrings

Button earrings lie flat on the ear with no dangling parts. They have a disk‐like or slightly domed shape.

Button Pearl

A button pearl that appears flattened or domed from the side.

Bypass Ring

A bypass ring coils around the finger, with the ends of the band crossing or passing each other on top. It may also be called a crossover ring.

C

Cable Chain

A cable chain features uniform round or oval‐shaped links connected to form a chain.

Cabochon

A cabochon is a precious stone of convex hemispherical or oval form, polished but not cut into facets. This form is traditional for translucent and opaque gems. It also brings out the phenomenal effects in gems like cat's‐eye and star sapphire.

Cameo

A cameo is a technique of engraving upon a gem or other stone, as onyx, in such a way that an underlying stone of one color is exposed as a background for a low‐relief design of another color. Traditional cameos feature a woman or goddess on them.

Carat (CT.)

A carat (ct.) is the measurement for diamond and gemstone weight. A carat is 200 milligrams or one fifth of a gram. Diamonds and gemstones can range from small fractions of a carat to many carats.

Carbon Fiber

Typically used in men's fashion jewelry, carbon fiber is fiber‐reinforced polymer, originally used in vehicles and sports equipment. Is light, durable and strong.

Carnelian

A red variety of chalcedony, Carnelian is derived either from the Latin word meaning "flesh" or the Latin word meaning "cherry." Carnelian is believed to give its wearer energy, protect from poverty and a calm temperament.

Cat's Eye

Cat's eye is a chatoyant variety of chrysoberyl that reflect a streak of light when cut in a rounded or unfaceted (cabochon) shape.

Cathedral Setting

The cathedral setting uses arches of metal to support and hold the center diamond or gemstone. Cathedral‐like arches rise above the band on either side of the stone. The arches themselves may be carved or set with smaller accent diamonds or gemstones.

Cavity

A cavity is an inclusion in the form of a sizable opening that penetrates a diamond or gemstone from the surface.

Ceramic

Ceramic carbide is a relatively new man‐made product that is extremely durable and nearly impossible to scratch. In combination with other materials like tungsten carbide, ceramic jewelry becomes the perfect choice for the active person. Ceramic carbide is also a material that people with metal allergies and sensitive skin can enjoy since it is completely hypoallergenic.

Certification

A certification provides an unbiased description of the individual qualities that determine a diamond or gemstone's value and worth as evaluated by expert gemologists.

Chalcedony

Chalcedony is a translucent variety of quartz that comes in a variety of colors, the most popular being bluish‐grey.

Champagne Diamond

Champagne refers to brown diamonds with a secondary tone of yellow that resemble the color of champagne. The intensity of the yellow can be weak (yellowish) or strong and same goes about the general intensity of the color. Champagne diamonds can be natural or enhanced.

Chandelier Earrings

Chandelier earrings feature a series of dangling drops, usually in multiple tiers, suspending from a post or French wire setting. The drops may be simple metal or set with diamonds, gemstones or pearls.

Channel Setting

In a channel setting, diamonds or gemstones are set flush between two strips of metal that holds them in place side by side with no additional prongs between the stones. This type of setting protects the edge, or girdle, of the gemstone, and is a very secure setting.

Charm

A charm is a small ornament worn on a necklace or a bracelet.

Chevron

A chevron is a V‐shaped facet or a pattern of stripes forming either a "V" or an inverted "V."

Chocolate Diamonds®


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